Modelling of dynamic spatial phenomena, combining static / spatial representation and dynamic / temporal context, for support the monitoring, design and forecasting in spatial planning, using upper formal ontologies
Spatial management, including spatial planning deals with dynamic phenomena of spatial order and environment. The proper description of such phenomena in order to carry out forecasting process could be perceived as most important challenge which should be faced by urban planners. It is important, to see environment and spatial management as a dynamic system.
Urban planners formulate their design proposals and predictions basing on specialist knowledge in their domain of discourse, basing on their experience and intuition. But increasing amount of spatial data, which planners should to take into account, causing an urgent need to find the tools aiding the design process, by automated methods of data exploration, data integration and analysis. Each design process requires the analysis of current state of development, formulating of multi-option schemes and forecasting of future changes of spatial conditions. The implementation of project requires monitoring of occurring changes of development, which is a base for assessment, if predicted scenarios come true. All of these procedures need current, up to date data, derived from public registers, local survey and monitoring. In such situation, use of traditional Geographic Information Systems could be seen as an insufficient.
The tools elaborated in this Project are designed for broadly understood spatial management. The are addressed for range of consumers, both organisations and individual receivers, such as: scientists, teachers, students, officials, domain experts and designers (in spatial planning, environmental protection, cultural heritage protection and so on). What could be important for such professionals, these are advanced methods of data exploration and acquiring them with well defined spatio-temporal and logical context. Scientists (historians, historians of art, geographers, natural scientists, sociologists) gain new research tool. Urban planners, cultural heritage protection or environmental protection specialists get the instrument better suited for sustainable development design requirements, conforming needs of well spatial order, environment and landscape design.
Project provide us with methods consuming Semantic Web technologies for spatio-temporal entities description. These technologies include wide complex of solutions and tools, such as RDF representation, Linked data, Description Logic base ontologies and among them so called formal ontologies (called also upper level ontologies or fundamental ontologies). These technologies give us attractive solutions for spatial management modelling. They give us possibilities for preparing complete and coherent reflection of reality with its dynamic and cause-and-effect relationships. Such reality model gives us possibility to discovering of potential scenarios and for creation of future state of space forecasting.
This project gives scientists and professionals of various disciplines formal system as well as tools for processing of analysis, ordering the facts and discovering of their mutual relations and references.
This research work has been supported through the project granted by the National Science Centre, Poland - project number: UMO-2012/05/N/HS4/00642